Studies of overtraining are pointing to following courses:
- Overtraining is a reaction from your muscles when the training exceeds the need for resting periods
- Overtraining is often registered within endurance sports and weightlifting
- Overtraining often occurs when you simultaneously are exposed to physical and psychological stressors for a longer period of time
- The stress hormone "Cortisol" is elevated for longer periods
Longer periods of stress to your body demands physical and psychological relaxation
Indications of overtraining:
- Aggressiveness, which your family or your closest relatives will certainly make you aware of
- Feeling unusually tired when you wake in the morning
Hard training is a natural part of a performance enhancing training program. Training a little more than the body can handle is even necessary. Where things tend to go wrong is when the body does not get sufficient rest after completed training and competition. Then your next training session begins with tired muscles. This can provoke a mild overtraining.
It is important to provide the body with those needs, which are a condition for training, as this can help reduce the risk of overtraining.
The following of the body’s needs must be covered in order to reduce the risk of overtraining:
I often get asked the question, if it is only bike riders who are not completely fit who can experience overtraining, as their fitness is not at its highest and their body therefore cannot put up with hard training. The answer to this is clearly: No!